Scoliosis and exercise

Often a question is raised – Which type of recreation is advisable for people with scoliosis? Recreational exercise is highly recommended for painless scoliosis, with certain movements being difficult to perform due to reduced mobility of the body and changed muscular control. For example, body asymmetry due to scoliosis is clearly visible during running. In the case of people with idiopathic scoliosis, sometimes there are difficulties in aerobic loading, or in the exercise of endurance, but the reason for this is not usually decreased capacity of the respiratory system, but insufficient level of training.

The chance that some sports-recreational activity will lead to the deterioration of idiopathic scoliosis is small, since such an effect can only occur with a very large volume of exercise (more than 12 hours of exercise per day). In case of pain in the back during exercise, the most common reason for this is further deterioration of the scoliotic muscle imbalance, and the activity needs to be modified or paused.

Does swimming significantly affects the sculptural curve? Doctors often recommend swimming for the back pain (pain or deformity), guided by the idea that during swimming spine does not suffer from longitudinal gravity weight gain. In fact, swimming generally has a beneficial effect on scoliosis through balancing muscle tone and breathing practice. However, the training load in competitive swimming is symmetrical, very large and exceeds the physiological level. For this reason, this activity generally has no significant therapeutic effect on spinal deformity. However, corrective swimming (water exercises involving movements from different swimming styles) and synchronized swimming can be a significant support in the treatment of scoliosis.